Inglês Intermediate
Márcia Barbosa
em 25 de Agosto de 2014


The concept of the past perfect is easier to grasp than that of the present perfect (see teaching tip for present perfect) partly because the event is usually clearly in the past. Still, when discussing the use of past perfect in relation to the past it is worthwhile to highlight the PERFECT aspect, as this may help make sense of the present perfect. For example, a quick explanation could be:

The past perfect can be used to communicate something before the past, or looking back from a past moment in time. This is what PERFECT means. The use of a timeline also works particularly well with this explanation. For example, the sentence:

She had left the party when he arrived.

Can be illustrated like this:

The past perfect is usually dealt with after the present perfect. The activities below are for intermediate level students and higher.


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São Paulo / SP
Curso Livre: Teaching for Success: the Classroom and the World (Future Learn)
Before all else, I must comment that it is a bit tough to memorize everything since I've been studying English since I was 5 years old. A long time ago! But I must say that English is the key of my life, in so many situations I was proud to have proficiency at this language, and I can say that English opened the doors to a new world to me. Even learn more about my appropriate language and study the other two (Standard Spanish and German). Accurately, I tried to sum up but I it is impossible so ...
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